INFJ (Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, Judging) Learning Style
Seek meaning and connection in ideas, relationships, and material possessions. Want to understand what motivates people and are insightful about others. Conscientious and committed to their firm values. Develop a clear vision about how best to serve the common good. Organized and decisive in implementing their vision.
~Excerpted from Introduction to Type®
by Isabel Briggs Myers
|INFJ –||1.5% of the total population|
|1.3% of the male population|
|1.6% of the female population|
|Introversion (I)||50.7% of the total population|
|Intuition (N)||26.7% of the total population|
|Feeling (F)||59.8% of the total population|
|Judging (J)||54.1% of the total population|
The estimated frequency table was compiled from a variety of MBTI® results from 1972 through 2002, including data banks at the Center for Applications of Psychological Type; CPP, Inc; and Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
Learner Keyword: reflective and connectionist1
INFJs, while learning, address the question, “Is it good for people?”2
INFJs are energized by making connections between people, feelings, values and knowledge. They are visionaries who are future-oriented, always seeking and looking at possibilities. The often think metaphors.
INFJs are task-oriented learners who enjoy making connections, recognizing relationship between information. They enjoy playing with ideas and possibilities.
INFJs seek the purpose of learning to be for personal growth and development.
INFJs like a structured learning environment which is task-oriented. They prefer to learn through independent options. Any group option or partnership is stressful for INFJs.
INFJs prefer a teacher-centered classroom where this is no opportunity for them to be the center of attention. Therefore, lectures are valuable to this learner.
INFJs need time to reflect. They enjoy reading and learn easily from this methodology.
Friendly and cooperative environments are more conducive for learning for the INFJs than competition and disharmony.
INFJs need time to not just to reflect but to generate ideas and to use their imagination.
INFJs are most comfortable:
- Knowing what they will be learning prior to class -such as a preview
- Independent work
- Reading and solitary study times
- Learning abstract information
- Creativity, inspiration -having time to generate ideas
INFJs are least comfortable:
- Unstructured learning environments
- Simple answers – INFJs are skeptical of simplicity.
- Facts and figures, statistics
- Confining assignments which do not allow space for creativity and innovation
- Being the center of attention
- Being volunteered to answer or participate without sufficient time to think or preparation time
Teacher and classroom tips
As an educator, provide INFJs with a structured classroom with more traditional teaching methodologies which keep the focus on the instructor. Do not use anything showy or presentation style for learning. INFJs are not only not interested in learning in this manner but are almost skeptical at times, losing focus on what is important.
Provide time for reflection
INFJs need to have their imaginations stimulated. Use their learner question of “Is it good for people?’ to assist in this aspect.
INFJs like straight-forward feedback. Criticism is not a problem for INFJs.
Assist INFJs in scaffolding.
Use many resources and sources to validate information for INFJs. Encourage them to follow through with more in-depth learning.
Provide a Q&A time for INFJs to share questions.
Look for opportunities to scaffold new information into existing information. Seek guidance from your educator who is professionally trained with a variety of methodologies to do this.
Search for additional resources, especially when not provided by your instructor.
Set learning goals.
Be sure to take times to reflect.
Create questions on the topic or knowledge. Be prepared to address this questions and have answers during class.
Use a notetaking system such as Cornell notes which allows for space on the page to include personal notes and reflections.
Seek out other INFJs (who are rare) and find out what strategies they use for learning and studying.
- Aesthetics included
- Assess and Identify.
- Choice board.
- Classroom Setting Learner
- Close relationship with instructor.
- Educational games
- Engage emotion.
- Examples preferred.
- General concepts.
- Imaginative options
- Independent Work
- Reflection time.
- Scaffold to prior knowledge
- Annotate Reading.
- Annotated bibliography
- Apply new information to life.
- Bookmark -create one to remind yourself of …
- Brainstorm -webbing
- Change the beginning or end
- Cooperative learning
- Concept maps.
- Construct a model.
- Create a business card for a character or historical figure.
- Create a drawing or a cartoon.
- Create a game.
- Create a Gantt Chart
- Create a handout to give to younger students
- Create a jingle
- Create a list of valid sources from the internet.
- Create a relationship chart
- Create a simulation.
- Create and maintain a learning journal.
- Create associations using color.
- Create manipulatives.
- Design a graph.
- Design a timeline
- Develop a character sketch
- Develop a homework assignment with key.
- Develop interview questions.
- Draw a wanted poster.
- Experimental method.
- Find a unique method to use … technology.
- Find sources to support a belief
- Graphic Organizers.
- Identify likes and dislikes.
- Identify patterns.
- Make a brochure.
- Make a chart demonstrating the relationships
- Make a diorama
- Make a flip book
- Make a motion chart.
- Make a puppet.
- Make a radio show broadcast.
- Observe and record the behavior
- Opinion essay.
- Outline reading.
- Play Jeopardy.
- Poster presentation/symposium.
- Problem Solving.
- Record findings.
- Reflection time.
- Set goals.
- Show a process chart
- Strategize a method to complete a project.
- Write a critique.
- Write a help wanted ad
- Write a process essay.
Click on one of the sixteen personality types for more information:
Click on one of these dimension for more information:
For other learning styles: MBTI Learning Styles – A Practical Approach Available in paperback; Kindle; and pdf versions
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Tracy Atkinson is certified in Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) by CPP, Inc. The findings on learning styles derive from research, experience and observations.
Tracy Atkinson, a mother of six, lives in the Midwest with her husband and spirited dachshunds. She is a teacher, having taught elementary school to higher education, holding degrees in elementary education and a master’s in higher education. Her passions include researching, studying and investigating the attributes of self-directed learners. She has published several titles, including: The Art of Learning Journals, Calais: The Annals of the Hidden, Rachel’s 8 and Securing Your Tent. She is currently exploring the attributes of self-directed learners: The Five Characteristics of Self-Directed Learners.