ESTP (Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving) Learning Style
Flexible and tolerant, they take a pragmatic approach focused on immediate results. Theories and conceptual explanations bore them – they want to act energetically to solve the problem. Focus on the here-and-now, spontaneous, enjoy each moment that they can be active with others. Enjoy material comforts and style. Learn best through doing.
~Excerpted from Introduction to Type®
by Isabel Briggs Myers
|ESTP –||4.3% of the total population|
|5.6% of the male population|
|4.3% of the female population|
|Extraversion (E)||49.3% of the total population|
|Sensing (S)||73.3% of the total population|
|Thinking (T)||40.2% of the total population|
|Perceiving (P)||45.9% of the total population|
The estimated frequency table was compiled from a variety of MBTI® results from 1972 through 2002, including data banks at the Center for Applications of Psychological Type; CPP, Inc; and Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
Learner Keyword: responsive and active1
ESTPs, while learning, address the question, “Will learning this help me act more effectively?”2
ESTPs easily retain information which has a practical application. They prefer to learn concrete, factual information with a real-world application. They want to solve real world problems.
ESTPs are spontaneous, highly active learners who prefer competition and a wide variety of learning options. They are a hand-on learner, needing time to manipulate and to process information verbally.
ESTPs prefer to learn in a fast-paced, interactive environment. Frequent breaks are preferred. Group work, partner work and classroom discussions invigorate extraverts and inspire them to learn. They prefer visible results from their learning and space to talk to process new information. Physical movement may aid in their learning process.
ESTPs need a highly active and interactive environment with a large variety of learning methodologies. They are task-oriented and work best in groups.
Presentations and opportunities to demonstrate their knowledge are highly valuable.
ESTPs are most comfortable:
- With practical applications
- Problem-solving opportunities
- Role-play and active learning environments
- Fast-paced classrooms
- Learning from engaging instructors
- Competition as well as teamwork
- Being the center of attention
- Being involved with other classmates
ESTPs are least comfortable:
- Observing, passive learning atmospheres and activities
- Theory and abstract information
- Acting without clear guidelines
- Having to do something without being able to practice it beforehand
- Solitary, independent work
- Emotional, engaging emotions in the classroom
Teacher and classroom tips
ESTPs are excited learners with a drive to learn as much as they can from a variety of methodologies. Provide them with many examples and real-world problems to solve. Use a variety of media. Provide both active and interactive lessons.
They many have difficulty focusing with repetition and many pauses in the classroom. They do not enjoy nor need time to reflect.
ESTPs enjoy a close interpersonal relationship with their instructors. They need immediate feedback.
ESTPs need frequent breaks and checklists or rubrics to understand expectations.
Being ESTPs as a learner can be frustrating. Explain your need for active learning to your instructors. Be sure to find ways to employ active learning in your study time.
Build relationships with your peers and teachers.
Make notes on 3×5 cards to provide you with materials to study while being active.
Look for personal and world applications to new information.
Find a study buddy.
Verbalize information as you process.
Create a repertoire of effective learning strategies.
- Active learning
- Aesthetics included
- Choice board.
- Close relationship with instructor.
- Examples preferred.
- Experiential Learning
- Feedback needed.
- Field trips
- Group Activities
- Hands-on Activities
- Imaginative options
- Pace of instruction: fast
- Peer feedback
- Physical Activities
- Practical Application
- Teaching techniques: New
- Act out a scene
- Apply new information to life.
- Classroom discussion/debate.
- Cooperative learning
- Construct a model.
- Create a cause/effect chart.
- Create a game.
- Create a Gantt Chart
- Create a group project.
- Create a relationship chart
- Create a simulation.
- Create a vocabulary game.
- Create manipulatives.
- Debate a point of view with another student
- Develop a character sketch
- Develop interview questions.
- Do a survey
- Experimental method.
- Find a unique method to use … technology.
- Hands on Activities.
- Make a brochure.
- Make a chart demonstrating the relationships
- Make a motion chart.
- Make a radio show broadcast.
- Make a unique instrument.
- Make a video
- Make an infomercial instead of a persuasion paper.
- Musical presentation.
- Opinion essay.
- Perform a song.
- Play Jeopardy.
- Poster presentation/symposium.
- Problem Solving.
- Puppet show.
- Ranking -of ideas, principles, alphabetical, most essential, etc.
- Recite something -like poetry.
- Record yourself giving a speech, talk, memorized concept, etc.
- Recycle/adapt materials for a project.
- Set goals.
- Trivia game -create or play one.
- Verbal survey.
Click on one of the sixteen personality types for more information:
Click on one of these dimension for more information:
For other learning styles: MBTI Learning Styles – A Practical Approach Available in paperback; Kindle; and pdf versions
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Tracy Atkinson is certified in Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) by CPP, Inc. The findings on learning styles derive from research, experience and observations.
Tracy Atkinson, a mother of six, lives in the Midwest with her husband and spirited dachshunds. She is a teacher, having taught elementary school to higher education, holding degrees in elementary education and a master’s in higher education. Her passions include researching, studying and investigating the attributes of self-directed learners. She has published several titles, including: The Art of Learning Journals, Calais: The Annals of the Hidden, Rachel’s 8 and Securing Your Tent. She is currently exploring the attributes of self-directed learners: The Five Characteristics of Self-Directed Learners.